The U.S. Army in World War II Essay

Name:  Your name

Class:  Your class

Title:  The U.S. Army in World War II

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Subject:  In my paper, I examine the U.S. Army in World War II in terms of the challenges it faced, its structural organization, and its ultimate success.

Thesis Statement:  The U.S. Army faced numerous challenges in World War II, and its triumph over these challenges proved that it was one of the strongest armies in the world.


I. Introduction –

A. The U.S. Army’s entry in the War

B. Italy’s surrender

            C. Landing at Utah and Omaha beaches

II. Problem 1: Lack of support from air troops

            A. Results

1. High amounts of casualties

                        2. U.S. forces outnumbered

            B. Overcame challenge through use of delayed tactics

III. Problem 2: Supply crisis

            A. Causes

                        1. Lack of manufacturing capacity

                        2. Goods and equipment could not reach American troops

            B. Result – troops experienced very bad living conditions

            C. Overcame challenge

                        1. Use of ports near to Omaha beach

                        2. Use of air transport (as opposed to roads which had been destroyed by bombs)

                        3. Working in cooperation with other Allied leaders

IV. Problem 3: Winter weather

            A. Problem made worse my lack of winter clothing, closing of sea ports

            B. Resolution of problem when spring began

V. Organization of U.S. Army

            A. Corps – 18 U.S. Army Corps in 1945

            B. Armies

                        1. formed from two or more corps

                        2. 10 U.S. Armies in World War II

                        3. 2nd and 4th – stationed in U.S.

                        4. 1st, 3rd, 9th – France, Belgium, Germay

                        5. 5th, 7th – Italy

            C. Army Groups

                        1. formed from two or more armies (could be with forces from 2 or more countries)

                        2. 12th Army Group – 1st and 3rd American Armies

                        3. 21st Army Group – British and Canadian forces

                        4. 15th Army Group – Italy, all Allied forces

VI. Assignment of divisions to rest periods and battle at the front

VII. Problem 4: High rate of casualties

            A. Cause – intense war fare over a long period of time

B. Solutions

1. Redistribution of forces, troops

2. Use of trained replacements

3. Allowing injured soldiers to recover and return to war

VIII. Conclusion – U.S. Army met challenges and proved that they were one of the strongest military powers in the world. U.S. Army proved they had the capacity to participate in mechanized warfare.

Sources (you need at least 5):

Black, Jeremy. World War II. London: Routledge, 2003

Bowers, Claude. My Mission to Spain: Watching the Rehearsal for World War II. New York: Simon and Schuter, 1954

Brophy, Leo & Fisher, George. The Chemical Warfare Service: Organizing for War. New York: Office of the Chief Military History, 1959

Evans, Mark. Great World War II Battles in the Arctic. New York: Greenwood Press, 1999

Painter, James. The Dauntless Dive Bomber of World War Two. Airpower, Vol.54, 2007, pp.543-549

William, Kenneth. World War II and the American Indian. University of New Mexico Press, 2000