In the recent past, global warming is a concept that has gained notable popularity. However, the concept has been in existence since time immemorial. In deed, global temperatures have been rising over time since the ice age. Global warming is a natural process that enables man to evolve and adapt to the environment accordingly. It refers to the increase in global temperatures, leading to climate change (Bailey 24). Spencer explains that it is believed to occur when long wave lengths reflected by the earth surface fail to escape back in to the outer space (36). They are trapped in to the atmosphere, leading to increased warming. This is also referred to as the green house effect and scientists argue that it is accelerated by the emission of green house gases in to the atmosphere.
The myth of global warming
The Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) argues that indeed, global warming is a reality and humankind needs to be ready to face the effects of the same. However, some scientists after numerous experiments have affirmed that global warming is a natural process whose effects can not adversely affect the existence of humankind (Horner 45). They show that since man has been able to cope well with this phenomenon in the past, it should not pose any threats now. They assert that man will possibly derive effective ways to deal with its effects. To them, nature has its own perfect way of controlling itself. Besides, the alleged effects of global warming lack scientific back up and therefore they can not be verified. Adequate research has not been undertaken to perceive the information as factual (Horner 52). Therefore, global warming is a false phenomenon that man has not contributed to in any way.
According to Solomon (2008), the group of scientists who allege that global warming is an anthropogenic process argues that in the last century, the global temperatures have risen by one degree centigrade (Solomon 49). It is difficult to prove these claims because in the United States, weather stations were scattered and the keeping of records about the varying temperatures was not done accurately. Hence, this data can not be relied on to ascertain the allegations. In addition, it is unlikely that this rise was caused by man because it took place before 1940, yet increased industrialization, believed to contribute to global warming, started after 1940 (Horner 56).
In addition, Milloy indicates that scientists who argue that human activities are the key drivers of global warming believe that the use of weaponry in the first and Second World War contributed significantly to a rise in temperatures (23). However, meteorological evidence shows that during the 1960’s and 70’s there were fears that the world was turning to ice age because the temperatures started falling (Milloy 23). This period was immediately after the Second World War and therefore their allegations are not true.
Scientists also affirm that in deed, natural processes contribute more volumes of green house gases to the atmosphere than human activities (Horner 57). For instance, whenever a mountain erupts, the amount of sulphur dioxide produced in to the atmosphere is twice as much as the one produced by human activities. Further the contribution of the oceans, to green house gases is quite significant. Also decaying plants and animals produce significant levels of green house gases to the atmosphere. All these combined are far much more than the amounts contributed by human activities (Horner 62).
It is increasingly evident that enhanced technology has a positive impact on the reduction of green house gases. This is solely attributed to the human efforts. For instance, in Los Angeles, air pollution has significantly reduced over the last ten years (Spencer 42). This has happened despite the fact that the population is increasing every day. Specifically, technology has come up with measures such as air screening equipment that removes industrial wastes in the air emitted, ensuring that air released in to the atmosphere is free of pollutants. These human efforts to reduce green houses should not be overlooked. Other significant human efforts include cleaning up of nature. This ethical move has seen various lakes especially in the United States that had been declared ‘dead’ become habitable (Bailey 36). Today, such lakes are being used as recreation areas. A typical example is Lake Erie.
Besides helping to clean the environment, technology has also been instrumental in helping to improve the living conditions of human beings. Solomon argues that it has also reduced over-reliance of humans to the natural resource base (56). Hence, sustainable use of natural resources is being achieved. Although ecologists propose that wood fuel should be used, caution should be taken because wood apparently produces more volumes of green house gases than electricity produced from nuclear power (Spencer 69).
Bailey explains that it is also worth noting that the United States has adopted cleaner strategies to dispose off the industrial wastes including disposal in the outer space (49). This has significantly improved the quality of its environment. It is acting as a pace setter and in stead of criticizing this move, more nations should follow suit in order to achieve environmental sustainability.
The role of green house gases
Green house gases are alleged to be the key causes of global warming due to their ability to form a ‘blanket’ that then prevents the long wavelength rays from being reflected back in to the outer space (Solomon 18). In fact, carbon dioxide is considered the most abundant. However, science shows that carbon dioxide naturally occurs in to the atmosphere. Animals and humans emit this gas to the atmosphere through respiration. It is then regulated as plants use it to manufacture food. In return, plants give oxygen that is essential for the survival of animals and man. Increased levels of carbon dioxide seemingly have a positive impact on plant growth as then more of it is used to manufacture more food. In addition, it can be argued that increased carbon dioxide will definitely lead to increased oxygen level as plant respiration is bound to increase. Further, oxygen reduces the levels of pollution considerably.
Milloy indicates that without the effect of the green house, the earth could not be habitable (38). He explains that it is because the days could very hot and the nights extremely cold. Likewise, the winter could be extremely cold and summers extremely hot. These conditions could affect the existence of man and life as a whole. According to Milloy, the green house effect acts to moderate these conditions (42). In addition, Bailey shows that water vapor in the atmosphere acts as a coolant to the temperatures in cases where they may rise (58).
Spencer affirms that carbon dioxide does not contribute to climate change. This fact has been supported by this scenario that existed about 100 years ago; the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was six times more than it is now. Yet seemingly, temperatures were much lower than they are today (Spencer 65).
The Effect of rising temperatures
Rising temperatures have a positive impact on plant life. Homer shows that plants thrive in warm temperatures and since the animals have the capacity to adapt to different temperatures, a rise in temperatures should not create any fuss (78). He further argues that, statistics show that people as well as animals prefer warmer temperatures to cold temperatures. This has been demonstrated by increased movement of people to the south during winter (Homer 79). With regard to the effect of rising temperatures to the polar species, Homer indicates that the contrary is true (80). In deed, species have positively responded to the rising temperatures and they are adapting to the same effectively.
Reduction of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as proposed by ecologists can have negative implications on plant life. Solomon explains that this significantly reduces the vegetation cover as the plants can not manufacture their own food (52). Reduction in vegetation cover has negative implications on the rainfall patterns too. In general, this affects food production and the entire survival of humankind as well as animals. To this respect, it can be highlighted that some instances like use of corn to produce oil, in line with ecologist proposals has led to food insecurity because the same is a staple for many communities (Bailey 69).
The way forward
United States has been reluctant to sign the Kyoto protocol because of the implications involved (Homer 106). It is important to note that reduction of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can only be achieved if burning of fossil fuels is significantly reduced. However, fossil fuels are the key providers of energy and failure to use them adversely affects the living conditions of human beings. Hence sustainable use as opposed to complete refusal to use them should be adopted. Besides, the United States can stop using the fossil fuels and adopt greener options but other countries will still use them. In fact, developing countries that are working towards improving their economies have limited options with regard to energy (Homer 108). It is therefore impossible that this goal will ever be achieved.
The Kyoto protocol can be seen as a move used by third world countries to derail economic development. Bailey argues that in stead of dwelling so much on imposing the principles of deep ecology to all the nations of the world, efforts should be diverted towards rapid industrialization in order for the countries to attain superb living conditions, just like their counterparts (89). Indeed, it would be better to warm the world so that food production can be enhanced rather than reduce the levels of carbon dioxide and let people die of hunger.
In conclusion, it should be appreciated that climate change is an ancient natural phenomenon whose effects will prevail even in future. Rather than trying to oppose nature, all nations should be making efforts to put measures in place that will be very instrumental in helping them address the negative implications of the same. Deep ecologists should therefore use the resources being employed in anti-global warming campaigns for setting up adequate structures to effectively deal with the implications of global warming.
Bailey, Ronald. Global Warming and Other Eco-myths: How Environmental Movement Uses the False Science to Scare us to Death. California: Prima Publishing, 2002.
Homer, Christopher, C. Discover how Global Warming Alarmists Use Threats, Deceptions and Fraud to keep all Stakeholders Misinformed. USA: Regnery Publishing, 2008.
Milloy, Stephene. What you can do to Stop Environmentalists Who Plan to Ruin Your Life. New York: Regnery, 2009.
Solomon, Lawrence. The Deniers: The World Renowned Scientists Who Stood up Against Global Warming Hysterial Political Persecution and Fraud**And Those too Fearful to do so. USA: Vigilante Books, 2008.
Spencer, Roy. How Global warming has resulted to Climate Confusion: New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008.