The 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower, famously stated, “ You do non take by hitting people over the caput – that ‘s assault non leading. ” Although, in modern times this statement may look rather logical, it is interesting to observe that in today ‘s universe there are still states that are lead by power hungry politicians who have no involvement in the well being of the people that dwell in their destitute states. These dictators ‘ chief leading maneuver is simple: they rule by shooting fright into the multitudes. The Prince, written by Machiavelli, explores the complicated universe of leaders and in the terminal comes to its chief statement that says, “ … it is much more safe to be feared than to be loved, when you have to take between the two. ” ( Machiavelli, The Prince )
While in many instances this may be true, it should n’t be overlooked that Machiavelli wrote this work 100s of old ages ago and as Bob Dylan had so absolutely set it, “ The times they are a-changin. ” With modern promotions and the whole universe seeking to force itself in a new way, Machiavelli ‘s thoughts may now go out-dated and flawed. Machiavelli believes that if a leader is loved excessively much, this allows for the people to hold excessively much power which finally will ensue in rebellion. Nevertheless, in today ‘s universe where democracy in many states is the norm, being loved by the people has more benefits than being feared ; by analysing recent history one will be able to turn out that taking with a more unfastened head is significantly better so taking people through fright.
When mentioning to the word peace, a few instant political figures come to mind and one of these people is none other than Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Not merely was Gandhi the political leader of his native state India during the Independence Movement, but he was besides regarded as the religious leader. His celebrated passive resistance patterns had inspired independency motions non merely in India but in states all over the universe. Gandhi is hailed to be Father of India and his prima patterns did non affect any signifier of force or force.
Alternatively of utilizing his fist, Gandhi would utilize his composure personality and persuasive public talking techniques in order to win over the Black Marias of the people and take a state that was on the class of entire devastation to redemption. Machiavelli urged that a leader should hold some kind of physical control over the people, but little did he cognize that 100s of old ages subsequently a adult male by the name of Gandhi would wholly shatter the foundations of former taking rules. Gandhi, had famously stated, “ When I despair, I remember that all through history the manner of truth and love has ever won.
There have been autocrats and liquidators and for a clip they seem unbeatable, but in the terminal, they ever fall- think of it, ever. ” This inspirational quotation mark proves that societies created by autocrats will finally crumple and democracy and peace will forever prosper. In add-on, Gandhi was non the first individual to present the theory of non-violence but he was the first to pattern it on such a big graduated table. By recommending non-violence Gandhi straight contradicts Machiavelli ‘s beliefs through the undermentioned quotation mark:
The scientific discipline of war leads one to dictatorship, pure and simple. The scientific discipline of non-violence alone can take one to pure democracy… Power based on love is thousand times more effectual and lasting than power derived from fright of penalty… .It is a blasphemy to state non-violence can be practiced merely by persons and ne’er by states which are composed of persons.
Gandhi message to the universe is clear and simple: love and peace are far stronger and more effectual so fear. Although, Machiavelli wrote in a wholly different clip period it is clear how Gandhi disproves his theories. ( Http: //www.mkgandhi-sarvodaya.org/bio_5000/bio5.htm. )
If there was a adult male that was the complete anti- Jesus of Gandhi that adult male would hold been named Kim Jong-Il. Kim Jong-Il is the dictator of North Korea which was a state that was founded by his male parent in 1994. Although, his image inside the North Korean boundary lines may be depicted as saintly, in world it is the fright of the people he leads that really give him his esteemed position. Many North Koreans officially refer to him as “ Great Leader ” , but if they were n’t pressured by his oppressive regulation they would most likely come up with different names for him ; some of which would non be every bit pleasant as the name he holds now.
Due to his strong appreciation and negative influence he holds over his people, his state will ne’er be able to thrive like many powerful democracies around the universe. If one were to take a expression at some of the most powerful modern states they would recognize that all of them are held together by a strong democratic anchor.
The lone state in the modern epoch that seemed to thrive even though it was ruled by a dictator was the Soviet Union, but like Gandhi had predicted it finally collapsed merely like all the other dictatorships that came before it. Once once more, Machiavelli ‘s advice seems to hold many defects if it were to be used in the modern universe. Kim Jong-Il is indefatigably seeking to make a more powerful state but is neglecting to make so because of his corrupt taking techniques. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //asianhistory.about.com/od/profilesofasianleaders/p/BioKimJongil.htm )
Machiavelli had mentioned that a leader can either implement harsh regulation or be loved by the people but most probably he can non be both, nevertheless the former swayer of China, Mao Zedong, may hold disproved this theory. Mao Zedong was a Chinese revolutionist and at the same clip communist leader. With any communist state, rough regulation and strict policy is a given which makes it hard for a communist leader to be popular with the people, but Mao Zedong somehow was able to be adored by his followings. To this twenty-four hours Mao is regarded in China as an unbelievable revolutionist, political originator, military mastermind and overall the Jesus of China. Many people give Mao recognition for taking China ‘s chiefly agricultural society and transforming it into the economic human dynamo that is today.
Although, many people praise him for his radical mastermind, Mao did n’t accomplish all his achievements through the love of the people. He was in fact still a dictator more interested in the prosperity of his state instead than the prosperity of his people. Mao had implemented several political policies and purgings which were now estimated to hold caused the deceases of approximately 60 million people. However, most Chinese people still hailed them as their hero because without him China would hold ended up much worse without him. Mao once more illustrates how Machiavelli ‘s advice does non use to the modern universe. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/ )
Many different leaders have their ain leading manners, but what most modern and successful leaders have in common is that they lead democratic states where the voice of the people is heard. Of class, there will ever be exclusions to the norm such as Mao Zedong, but even he does n’t follow Machiavelli ‘s advice. All three figures presented in the earlier paragraphs confute the thought that Machiavelli created old ages ago.
Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Prince. Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions, 1997.
“ Hypertext transfer protocol: //www.mkgandhi-sarvodaya.org/bio_5000/bio5.htm. ” MAHATMA GANDHI ONE SPOT COMPLETE INFORMATION WEBSITE. Web. 24 Feb. 2010..
“ Kim Jong Illinois Biography – North Korea. ” Asiatic History – History of Asia. Web. 23 Feb. 2010..
“ Mention Archive: Mao Zedong. ” Marxists Internet Archive. Web. 24 Feb. 2010..