was an Indian Independence activist, a freedom fighter, a spiritual leader.
This biography of Sri Aurobindo provides detailed information about his
childhood, life, achievements, work and timeline.
was an Indian Liberation activist, a freedom fighter, a spiritual leader and
yogi. He got involved in the Indian Freedom Movement and provided support to
rebel groups from Madhya Pradesh and Bengal. He also thought that Non
Cooperation Movement, which was based on self-help and it aimed on one side at an effective organisation of the
forces of the nation. Later on in life, when he was imprisoned by the British
for writing against the British rule he discovered the spiritual path and
decided to leave politics. He then moved to Pondicherry. He taught his
philosophy of “internal yoga”, the idea was to make way for human life to
achieve divine form. His work on Internal Yoga is contained in his work called
The Life Divine. His work on understanding of Vedas, Upanishads and Bhagavad
Gita is very commendable.
to Swarnalata Devi and Krishna
Dhun Ghose on the 15th day of August of the year 1872, Ari
Aurobindo was an Indian philosopher, freedom fighter, spiritual guru and great
scholar. Aurobindo had two elder
siblings, Benoybhusan and Manmohan, a younger brother called Barindrakumar and a younger sister named Sarojini.
He spent his first, seven years in
India. He was sent to a boarding school in Darjeeling, to increase his language
skills as his father didn’t like the Indian Culture and he considered it inferior
to Western Culture. After that he along with his two elder brothers was sent to
His father, Krishna Dhun Ghose, who was an
Assistant Surgeon of Rangpur in Bengal, wanted
him to live life free of Indian Influence. In England he stayed under the mentorship
of Reverend W.H. Drewett, whom Sri Aurobindo’s father knew through his British
friends at work.
He was sent to St. Paul’s school in London and
later on he went to King’s College in Cambridge to study. Sri Aurobindo learned
many things; Latin, French, Italian, Arithmetic and History. Later on he also
studied German and Greek, he also got familiarised with English literature and
wanted to get into Indian Civil Services to realize his father’s dream. For
that he had to clear the competitive examination, as well as to study at an
English university for two years under probation.
Sir Aurobindo tried twice for the examination but
at the end of two years of probation, he failed to present himself at the
riding examination and was disqualified for the Service. Later on he was
somehow able to meet the Gaekwar of Baroda who was visiting London. He then was
able to obtain an appointment in the Baroda Service and in February of 1893,
left England for India. His father died due to grief that was caused
by the misinformation from the agents in Bombay that the ship Sri Aurobindo had
been travelling had sunk.
His father mentioned the British Raj as
heartless government in the letters that he wrote to his family. During
his stay in Baroda he became actively involved in politics and in nationalist
sent to jail on the charge for treason, but due to lack of evidence he was only
imprisoned for writing against the British Raj in India. During his prohibition
in jail he had divine and preternatural involvements that led him to give up
politics for the spiritual work.
He then moved to Pondicherry; where he founded
his ashram called “Sri Aurobindo Ashram” with the help of Mira Alfassa. Sri
Aurobindo died on fifth day of December in the year of 1950, at Pondicherry.
After arriving in India, Aurobindo, initially,
had joined the state services in the Survey and Settlements department. He was
then assigned to the Department of Revenue and after that he had to work at
He also did some assorted work like assisting
to many articles to Indu Prakash and spoke as a chairman of
the Baroda college board. He also looked after speeches written for the
Maharaja of Gaekwad. He also taught Grammar. He also worked part time at the
Baroda College and taught French to students. Later he was made the vice
He continued to educate himself and learned
Sanskrit and Bengali.
It was the period of National Movement and it
was only natural for Aurobindo to take interest in politics and he became
actively involved in the Freedom Struggle. Sri Aurobindo was involved with many
resistance groups. He also did things from behind the scenes as he had access
to administrative authorities. He got in contact with many Freedom Fighters
including Lokmanya Tilak, Jatindra Nath Banerjee, etc.
Later on he was arrested by the British on
grounds of treason, which however, was not proved. But still, he was imprisoned
for writing against British Raj.
That imprisonment changed the life of Sri
Aurobindo he discovered his spiritual and divine way of thinking about the
human life. After that, he settled to Pondicherry and ended up doing
philosophical work until his last breath.
His major works include his interpretation of
Hindu texts, the Upanishads and the Vedas.
His work on the Bhagavad Gita is called “Bhagavad
Gita and its message”. He also wrote in his book “The Life Divine” about the
“Internal Yoga”; he also wrote another masterpiece called “The spiritual yoga”.
He also wrote countless poems; his major works
being an epic poem and Savitri: A legend and a symbol.
His philosophies were well respected by the then
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the then President Rajendra Prasad.
Awards and Achievements:
He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in
Literature in 1943.
He was nominated for the Nobel Piece Price in
the year 1950.
He founded his ashram called Sri Aurobindo
Personal Life and legacy:
Sri Aurobindo was married to Mrinalini at the
age 28. Mrinalini’s father was Bhupal Chandra Bosewho worked with British
His wife Mrinalini
died in the December of year 1918 suffering from influenza in her last days.