In searching for a way to help those families with their issues, mental lath professionals have developed different therapies that can be used depending on the issues of the family. Some of these therapies are Strategic Family therapy, Structural Family therapy, Bowen Family therapy, and the Experiential Family therapy. Strategic Family Therapy The strategic family model is a family-based intervention that focuses in providing treatment for children and adolescents.
This therapy assumes that adaptive family interactions can play key factors on preventing children of the exposure of maladaptive behaviors but at the same time, negative interactions of the family with their children can contribute to the placement of problematic behaviors (Capsizing, n. Most of our behaviors are developed from what we see at home, from the way we walk to the way we speak. In the first five years of our lives is when 90 percent of our brain is developed. This means that most of what we do and think is caused to the type of life that was taught during the first five years.
Negative behaviors are not the exception. The main goal of this therapy is to reduce the risk factors and to make the protective factors stronger for the adolescents by improving the family interactions directly related to their problems (Capsizing, n. The therapy is modified with the main objective of finding a problem in the family)/s interactions and behaviors. Once the problem is found, the therapist will focus on changing the maladaptive behavior. This is done by changing their current interactions to better and positive interactions. This program is also effective for adolescents who are suffering from drug abuse.
Structural Family Therapy Structural Family therapy is used to treat issues such as child problems, mental illness, eating disorders, traumas, and conflicts (Kafka, 2008). This therapy is also effective to overcome issues with children and adolescents. This therapy is developed in three main elements which are the family structure, family patterns, and family boundaries. The family structure is the way the family is developed and the roles everyone has. Everyone within the family must be able to meet their roles in order to the have a well-functioning family.
When the current structure of the family is not providing effective results, the family must modify their structure by modifying roles, developing new rules, and making sure all goals are met. Family patterns are observed to understand how the current Structure is affecting the family. This is also done to find the family strengths, this way they can be used to overcome their current problems. There are three main subsystems in a family pattern which are; spouse, parental, and sibling (Kafka, 2008). Everyone must stay within its role to avoid the developing of problems. For example, a sibling can’t act as the parent and set rules.
This is also where the family obeys by the rules and adapts to changes to develop a hierarchy. Boundaries are also very important. Boundaries must be clear and firm yet flexible, permitting maximum adaptation to change (Kafka, 2008). Rigid mandarins can affect the effectiveness Of adaptation. For example, a child can’t be grounded for insignificant issues. Diffuse boundaries are also inappropriate because this leads to everyone being involved with everyone else’s business and no one will have control of any situation. For example, siblings should not get involved with the interactions of the parents.
This is where the Structural Family therapy comes into play. This therapy will help overcome maladaptive behaviors. Bowen Family Therapy Bone’s therapy is a human behavior therapy the sees a family as an emotional unit and uses systems thinking to describe the complex interactions in the unit (Bowen Theory at typewritten. Org n. D. ). This theory explains that the way we think, feel, and act affect the rest of the family. We as family are always asking for advice for approval, attention, or support to meet our needs. When a family member changes his/her behavior causes other family members to change as well.
This means that if a person develops drug addiction will cause stress and ultimately will sacrifice the unity and teamwork of the family. Bone’s theory explains that if a family member develops anxiety, the anxiety can increase leading to situations of discomfort mongo the family members which at the end can cause the isolation, overwhelmed, and out of control individuals. The Bone’s family therapy will help to overcome those issues by promoting the cohesiveness and cooperation of family to protect, shelter, and feed their members (Bowen Theory at typewritten. Rig, n. Experiential Family Therapy Experiential Family therapy is designed to help improve the respect and communication among family members. This therapy does not take into consideration the quality of the family, but the interactions that are causing the problems among the family. Some family problems can be developed room keeping secrets among the family members. This can affect family members the ability to meet their needs (Wise Geek at weeklies. Com, n. This therapy is used by helping family members improve their communication and respect of each other’s needs.
The cooperation of every family member is crucial for the effectiveness of the treatment. Instead Of re- structuring family roles and customs, this therapy will enhance mental and emotional well-being among family members (Wise Geek at weeklies. Com, n. D). Effectiveness Not every family therapy is able to treat every problem or every member of he family. The strategic family therapy was developed with the main purpose of helping children and adolescents. Structural family therapy is made to assist every family member with a wide variety of problems. This includes childhood traumas, mental problems, eating disorders or conflicts.
Bone’s family therapy is effective with families because it focuses on the current interactions that are causing stress that might lead to anxiety. And finally, the experiential family therapy is more effective with families and couples because it helps improve the interactions among family members. Age Groups and Conditions Where Each Therapy is Most Effective There are models that work best considering the differences in age groups. The various models are setup to deal with different age related concepts and there effect on that particular age group.
There are four different therapies, each has its own model to be followed, but all can be used when dealing within a family’s age group. The Strategic Family Therapy is most effective when used with children aged 8 to 17 who are vulnerable in developing behavioral problems. This model also deals with children who have ADD/ ADD, depression or substance abuse (CUT, 2013). The Bowen Family Therapy deals with the family as a unit. This model explains that if one family member develops a dysfunction, such dysfunction will affect the entire family.
The Bowen Family Therapy helps overcome those issues by promoting cooperation of the family (C TU, 2013). The Bowen Family Therapy focuses on the impact of the emotional system. The basis is that everyone has a different emotional system and they have to adjust to or change their environment. This model is also good for dealing with marital conflicts, transmission of the problem to a child, dysfunction in a spouse and emotional cut off, etc. (C TU, Structural Family Therapy deals with issues relating to childhood 2013). Problems, mental illness, eating disorders, traumas and conflicts.
This sets up the family structure and the rules everyone has by modifying the family’s roles. This structure helps maintain a well-functioning family (CCITT, 2013). Structural Family Therapy deals with restructuring the family’s rule system. This way the family can become more flexible. It also helps the family in how they relate to each other when dealing with situations that are stressful (C TU, 2013). The Experimental Family model is setup to improve communications with family members. This model of therapy works well when dealing with issues from your past.
It also deals with the interactions that are causing problems within the family (CT U, 2013). The Experimental Therapy model could be used for someone who is dealing with issues from their past. This therapy is very effective in setting up family boundaries. This sets up who is the parent and who is the child and how the family is run. If someone in the family for example, tries to commit suicide, the therapy will offer an outlook of the results and consequences of the person’s actions (C TU, 2013). The Strategic Family Therapy model could be used for dealing tit children who are at risk of developing behavioral problems.
This model also focuses on solving problems rather than who caused them (CUT, 2013). This type of therapy is most effective when is used with families who have suffered from domestic violence. Children learn the maladaptive behaviors from their parents and people who surrounds them. This therapy is use to influence family members to change in order to fix their differences. These problems can be involved with drug addiction, family functioning, aggressive behavior, antisocial behavior, delinquency, and conduct problems.
Endorsed Model Family the structure that is invisible set Of functional demands that organize that ways in which family members interact. A family is a system that operates through transactional patterns. Repeated transactions established patterns of how, when and with whom to relate, and these patterns underpin the system” defined by Munich (1 974), (1ST). Each one of the therapies that were research all proved to be very educational and knowledgeable; they all are coordinated around families and the issues that arise within families that may have a tendency to destroy the inner bonds that hold a family together.
Each one has a specialized area in which it is best suited for when it comes to treating a family, knowing the different areas of treatment is healthy for the patient; therefore the positive aspects that were designed to assist families regain control over their worlds will be properly matched. There is not one therapy that is better than the other or that may be used in every treatment; each individual family will have their personal agenda that needs to be meet in order for the family to have a united front as one.
The organized and well thought out remedy or healing process that each family ill undergo needs to be analyzed in order to proper develop the therapy that will be implemented so that all parties involved are ensured most and rewarding end goals. This is not done by simply stating that experimental therapy is the best and should always be applied or that structural is better than Bowman versus strategic; the four different therapies were intended to help those that sought out the additional professional services.
Therefore, to actually support and serve those families whom are in desperate demand for aid from someone that is qualified to be a provisionary or their unit that has faltered to subside; a proper and in depth analogy must be performed to correctly match the suspenseful matters that have fumbled the foundation of the family. It may be that one or more of the therapies may overlay and work together for the best results. There are no two families that are identical, consequently there will never be two identical forms of therapy sessions that will interact the exact same and only require one therapy.
No single family is going to be “text book” perfect or follow the lay out that was used as an example for the therapy sessions; this is the reason in which when the family therapies are being described and broke down into relative issues and problems there are many examples that are touched upon, stating that a “developing behavioral problem” that leaves an extremely wide margin to be evaluated and possibly fall under the strategic therapy.
Just as childhood problems, mental illness, traumas and conflicts are also a very vast array of fields that may be treated and supported by the structural therapy; most of the time there is not a single mental illness diagnosis but rather a dual diagnosis (therefore, more than one therapy may be needed.
Dysfunctions are a another area that can be not only treated in the Bowen’ therapy but may need future therapy once behaviors start to develop or if there is canyon Of communication that is not bridge then experimental will also need to be bridged into the current treatment to safeguard all basis of the relationship that has been covered so there are not any other supplementary boarders that are not an oversight.