Rio held during the week leading up

Rio Carnival in Rio de Jenario, Brazil also pronounced
‘Carnaval’ is the biggest carnival in the world. It is held during the week
leading up to Lent, a Christian observation that starts 40 days before Easter,
the Carnival ends on Ash Friday (The beginning of Lent), this is usually
sometime at the end of February. Carnival is a celebration that attracts
millions of visitors from all over the world and is the most popular
celebration in Brazil. It is a festival filled with music, dance, and drinking.
The Carnival begins on the Friday when the Mayor of Rio hands over the key to
the city to King Momo, a mythical figure who is said to lead the festival (Fig
1). The Samba, an Afro—Brazilian dance is at the core of the celebration.
Throughout Carnival, all the best Samba schools compete in the Samba parade
that is judged by 40 judges that critics based on song, story, dance, rhythm,
presentation, musicians and floats. The dancers, performers, singers and
musicians that take part in the parade dress in beautiful extravagant costumes full
of bright colors, feathers, and gems, these costumes correlate with a theme
that each school picks to represent themselves. Along with the people in the
parade many festival attendees and participants dress up in all sorts of
costumes and fun outfits. The floats in the parades (Fig 2) are just as
extravagant as the costumes and are works of art and match each individual
school just like the costumes. During Carnival, the whole city shuts down so
everyone can attend the marvelous celebration and watch the parades in awe.
Over the many days of the event lively parties (blocos) litter the streets from
dusk till dawn full of drinking, dancing, singing and high spirits. Every night
there are Carnival Balls that can be found all around Rio that usually start at
11pm and go until sunrise. The start of the festival dates back to the 18th
century, it was introduced by Portuguese immigrants to Brazil, it was mainly
celebrated by working people who would use costumes and tribal masks during the
celebration. “Lots of feathers were utilized in many of the African costumes,
this symbolized rebirth and the rise of the spirits.” (“Carnival History
| Brazil Carnival |”, 2018). Throughout the years of Carnival, the main idea has
change but in the 1920s the first establishment of samba schools were created
in Rio de Janeiro, at the time they were formed by locals.  “Over the many years of Carnival more
organized balls, street parades, and Samba developing Carnival in Rio became a
melting pot of different cultures and sensations.”(Scott, 2017)