of the related literature; besides allowing the researcher to introduce himself
with current knowledge in the field or area in which he is going to conduct his
research. A careful review of the books, dissertations, theses, research
journal and other sources of informations related to the problem is one of the
important steps of any research study. The term ‘review’ means ‘revision’ or
‘refers back’. Research takes advantage of the past knowledge which has
collected in the past as a result of constant human efforts. So we cannot
isolate the work that has already been done on the problems which are directly
or indirectly related to a study proposed by a researcher. The review of the related
literature enables the researcher to define the limits of his field. It helps
the researcher to delimit and define his problem.
OF THE REVIEW
reviewing the related literature the researcher can avoid unintentional
duplication of well-established findings.
the review of related literature, the researcher can avoid unfruitful useless
problem areas. He can select those areas in which positive findings are very likely
to result and meaningful.
gives the researcher an understanding of the research methodology. It helps the
researcher to know about the tools and instruments which provide to be useful promising
in the previous studies. The advantage of the related literature is also to
provide insight into the statistical methods through which validity of result
to be established.
reviewing the related literature we know about the recommendations of previous
researchers listed in their studies for further research.
OF THE RELATED LITERATURE
first step in reviewing the literature is identification of the material that
is to be read and evaluated. The identification can be made through the use of
primary and secondary sources available. Primary sources includes, the author
reports in his own work in the form of dissertations, theses, books and
research articles etc. In secondary sources, the author compiles and summarises
the findings of the work done by others. It includes encyclopedia of education,
education indexes, abstracts, bibliographies, and bibliographical references.
For this purpose, the
review of literature is being presented under four sections: Studies related with
teaching style, emotional intelligence, occupational stress and teaching