This paper will Identify and briefly explain
three types of loss involving another human being that might be experienced by
an older adult in our society. Also discuss attitudes towards death experienced
by older adults that are associated with the loss they are feeling.
of loss involving another human being are:
Grief- is typically
discussed as a psychological phenomenon—largely as a cognitive challenge, an
emotional reaction to loss. In many other cultures, however, grief is viewed as
a somatization, where “personal and interpersonal distress is
manifested as physical complaints and people have learned to respond to their
losses through the medium of the body” (Kleinman 1986.
Loss-The usual reaction
to a loss of someone or something that was valued is termed grief. It
consists of emotional, psychological, and physical dimensions (Stroebe et al.
Bereavement- is used to describe the objective situation of
someone who has experienced deprivation through the loss of a person or thing
that was valued (Corr, Nabe, and Corr 2000).
According to the article that I read I have
found that Many stereotypes exist surrounding the realities of being an older
adult. While individuals often encounter stereotypes associated with race and
gender and are thus more likely to think critically about them, many people
accept age stereotypes without question (Levy et al. 2002). And surprisingly it
is still the same way here in America today. We have so many social outlets and
more technology then before we can look many of these things up without having
to talk to someone about them. We can look up how to cope with death even talk
to people online who are dealing with the same issues. We have so many sources
that we can find anything we need to understand any type of situation involving
Americans process grief by singing, poetry readings, and a eulogy spoken. They
have family from all over come to see the deceased and honor their death. In
Louisiana they march down the street with a band like a parade celebrating
their going home. The deceased is viewed at the church before the burial in the
cemetery. Prayers are spoken and most depending on the family or the deceases
wishes, will wear all black and they may attend social gatherings after the
services. Orthodox Jewish Americans it is custom for a relative to saty with
the dying person so that the soul does not leave the body while the person is
alone. To leave the body alone after death is disrespectful. The eyes should be
closed, and the body remains covered with a sheer sheet ntil family and the
rabbi, or a Jewish undertaker can begin rites. Organ donation is permitted,
autopsy is not. Burial must be within 24 hours unless delayed by a Sabbath.
During my recent research I have also
discovered that Attitudes toward the elderly have also been affected by large
societal changes that have happened over the past 100 years. Researchers
believe industrialization and modernization have contributed greatly to
lowering the power, influence, and prestige the elderly once held. For example,
in impoverished cultures where infant and child deaths are viewed as
inevitable, seriously ill children may be categorized as dead, and their later
deaths may not be mourned for more than a few days. Such responses may seem
puzzling to outsiders when they learn that those dead children still are
considered a part of the nuclear family and are expected to be reunited with
the mother in an afterlife (Scheper-Hughes 1985).
Although we all have different values and
different views on the three types of loss I truly believe that when we do our
research on the different types it all ball down to one thing and that is
death. Death is one thing that many Americans deal in today and as hard as it
is loss, grief, and bereavement plays a big factor in it all.
EFFECTS OF BEREAVEMENT – The Signs
and Symptoms of Grief. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Factors That Influence Grief.
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.healthcare-information-guide.com/factors-that-influence-grief.html
Grief and Mourning in
Cross-Cultural Perspective – rituals, world, body, funeral, life, customs,
history, beliefs, time, person. (n.d.). Retrieved from