Implications of Technology Essay

Technology has had a great impact on society when it comes to medicine. Medical technology has been around since the cave man began using rocks as tools to perform trephining. Since then there has been many new advancements in medicine due to technology. From painless needles to robots used for surgeries technology is around to stay. Painless needles are one way technology is improving society. Needles are always scaring young children and even adults. Now with the new painless needle pediatricians can give vaccinations pain free.

Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology call these new needles micro needles. [1] They are made from silicon, metal, glass or biodegradable polymer. Theses needles are 500 times smaller than ordinary hypodermic needles, which are too small to irritate nerve endings. These new needles will consist of 400 embedded micro needles will be glued to a patch that will gently puncture the skin. Now with this new technology society can have pain free shots. Technology in terms of medicine has also increased the life expectancy of the average person.

With new technological advancements in surgeries, medicines and treatments the average life expectancy is still on the increase. A recent study shows that the average life span for 2004 of a United States Citizen is 77. 4 years old. This has increased significantly from 1900 where the average lifespan for a male was 48. 2 and for the female 51. 5. Thanks to technology we can now live longer. Technology has also helped medicine with the use of robots. At the Bay front Medical Center in St. Petersburg, Florida, Jeff Flannigan oversees 1,300 prescriptions a day.

That is a huge amount of prescriptions. Now he has a new kind of help. Spencer is a one million dollar robot that dispenses prescriptions at speedy rates. It takes Spencer three and a half hours to do what it took pharmacists 24 hours to do. This new technology also eliminates the room for human error. This means that people will have the right medication every time. If you are a customer waiting for a prescription than this technology will defiantly better society. Some people say that this new technology will hurt society because it will eliminate jobs for pharmacists.

This is not true. The article says, “Instead of spending the whole day dispensing medicines, pharmacists have time to do what they’re trained to do—take care of patients. ” “You are able to look at patients’ medication and make decisions on how to change things,” says Dilkhush. This is another example of how technology has helped medicine have a positive impact on society. Another hot topic in medicine is cloning. It seems that everyone is talking about the moral and legal aspects to cloning. The U. S.

House of Representatives has twice passed a bill banning Therapeutic cloning, which aims to create embryonic stem cells that could be used to cure diseases or grow replacement organs. This is one spot where the government is trying to shun the use of technology in the medical field. This new technology could be used in many areas. It could be used with burn victims, cancer patients, the loss of a limb and even brain damage. This technology would help society in many ways if the government would permit it. People who could never see in their life would now be able to grow a new eye.

This is just one example of what could be done with this new medical technology. Technology in the medical field has had many positive impacts on society today. People are living longer, developing new ways of doing things, curing diseases that were once thought to be impossible to cure and improving daily life. All of these improvements in medicine owe the credit to technology in some way. Technology is an important part to medicine today and will only help improve medicine in the years to come. Technology and Warfare

Technology changes every day, sometimes the events in our life shape what new technology we use. You would have to be living in a hole not know that we are in conflict with Iraq, and this event has changed digital warfare. The U. S. army has come up with a digital warfare system called Army Battle Command System. This system can scan digital street maps, monitor enemy positions, zoom in on individual buildings through satellite imagery and download instructions from commanders. The Army Battle Command System has been but in to a hand full of Humvees in Iraq.

This technology was originally designed for battlefield combat which was tanks and helicopters, but now they have found that it is much more useful for hunting rebel leaders and trailing street fighters. This new technology helps the commanding officers know what is going on by that they can be back at their command base and watch raids unfold on large screens and watch real time footage. This allows them to know what exactly what is taking place. The technology has allowed commanders to plan complicated raids and organize battle gear and hundreds of soldiers within two hours.

At that speed, they say, it played an important part in capturing Saddam Hussein and other fugitives. One important element to the system is that each military vehicle is tracked by satellite and it appears as a moving blue icon on a computer screen inside these Humvees that have been equipped with the Army Battle Command System, this is important to the Humvee driver because now he is able to know where all tanks and other army vehicles are located and this is said to have helped reduce the amount of friendly fire incidents. Back before they had this technology the drivers would have to radio back to the ommand base and inform them on their location, “No longer do you have guys on a map putting little stickers where things are at, now it is digitally done. It allows commanders to move more rapidly, more decisively, more violently. ” A helpful feature that the Army Battle Command System has is a touch screen monitor which allows the officer to place icons on the map and have it appear on screens throughout the system which makes them able to show enemy position, possible ambush locations, fugitive hide outs and locations of newly found roadside bombs.

However there has been some complains about the system from the ground forces, some say that the consoles are too complicated to use and frequently break down under desert wear and tear. Also sometimes links between pieces of the network crash and since the system is unique, replacement parts take a while to arrive. “They’re waterproof and heat-resistant, but when you boil it down it’s a computer. You’re driving it in dust, sand and rain, 130 degree heat. It’s going to break down. Some soldiers are not using the Army Battle Command System because of these problems, but then you will always have the traditional method of gathering intelligence which is using tips from informants, seizing documents and interrogations. As you can see there is still some bugs to be worked out, but that is going to happen with new technology. The system also includes eight “Shadow” unmanned aerial vehicles-pilot less drones that observe the homes of suspects or the locations of rebel mortar crews.

The drones, the only ones being used in Iraq, carry thermal cameras that produce real time video, even in darkness or rain. So with this new technology we are more and more being able to use unmanned Vehicles which take the death risk right out of the equation. In conclusion technology is changing every day, and this is just one example of how it has reshaped our defense system in Iraq. Dealing with our defense systems I believe that the more new technology that we create the more lives those we can prevent from being killed in war time. Technology and Society

In 1965 Gordon Moore, cofounder of Intel, discovered that the performance of a computer’s memory chip doubled about every eighteen months. Known as Moore’s Law, his observation has proven to be remarkably accurate, as computing power increased over 18,000 times from 1971 to 2000. This explosion in computing power fueled the technological accomplishments that characterized the twentieth century. The invention of the microchip in 1958 spawned a generation of silicon-based technological wonders that have recently become main stream, including personal computers and the Internet.

In 1990 only 15 percent of households in the United States owned a personal computer; by 1999 ownership had increased to close to 50 percent. In 1998, sales of personal computers in the United States totaled $36 million, and households with Internet access rose from 26. 2 percent in 1998 to 41. 5 percent in 2000. The widespread use of personal computers and the Internet has provided previously unfathomable conveniences to society. As the world’s fastest growing communications medium, the Internet merges thousands of computer networks into one international system.

According to the Internet Society, an international professional membership group that focuses on issues surrounding the future of the Internet and Internet infrastructure standards, the Internet is best described as a “global network of networks enabling computers of all kinds to directly and transparently communicate and share services throughout much of the world. Because the Internet is enormously valuable, enabling capability for so many people and organizations, it also constitutes a shared global re13 source of information, knowledge, and means of collaboration, and cooperation among countless diverse communities. The World Wide Web, the Internet’s most popular system, combines business, government, personal, and educational “sites” and “pages” that present relevant text, images, and even audio and video data. Users may access information with the help of “browser” software, such as Internet Explorer and Netscape, and “search engines,” such as Yahoo! and Excite.

They may also contact other users through electronic mail (e-mail) and connect with others with similar interests using online discussion groups, bulletin boards, and “chat rooms. By creating databases of educational resources for various businesses, libraries, nonprofit organizations, research institutions, branches of government, and others, the Internet has transformed the storage of and access to information. As stated by several leading computer scientists in their essay A Brief History of the Internet, “The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before. The invention of the telegraph, telephone, radio, and computer set the stage for this unprecedented integration of capabilities.

The Internet is at once a world-wide broadcasting capability, a mechanism for information dissemination, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location. ” By opening up easily accessible pathways to a wide range of information, the Internet has created new opportunities for personal, educational, and business growth and has fostered the exchange of knowledge and customs of cultures around the world. Many describe the Internet as a global “equalizer” that provides an unprecedented store of information to anyone with Internet access.

These people claim that information technologies can provide the benefits of a large city to developing countries and rural communities around the world. Education may be brought to small villages that do not have teachers or classrooms via satellites and PC technology. The expertise of doctors can be instantly accessed thousands of miles from the actual location of the doctor. Many countries utilize “tele-medicine,” or virtual appointments and examinations between doctors and patients.

Finally, the information capability of the Internet is nearly unlimited, and the World Wide Web offers seekers information on virtually every subject imaginable. As stated by Michael C. Maibach, vice president of government affairs at Intel Corporation, “The Internet transmits digitized audio, video and data to any corner of the globe at any time. The people ‘communicating’ do not have to be on-line at the same time, nor share information in the same language. The Internet collapses space, time and language differences.

The sources of data do not tire or misspeak. Information is limited not by accessibility but only by whether the information exists at all. In the Internet world, the word ‘infinite’ applies. ” While most would agree with Maibach’s assessment, some people have concerns about the effects of computers and the Internet on society. The most extreme of these critics are often referred to as Neo-Luddites. The original Luddites were a group of early nineteenth-century English rioters who waged war on technological advances in the textile ndustry, which they perceived as a threat to their way of life and livelihood. Neo-Luddites strive to break society’s dependence on machines by rejecting technology and society’s current ideology of progress. Neo-Luddites and other critics argue that despite the communication and information opportunities created by computer technology and the Internet, meaningful and fulfilling interpersonal relations have been replaced with relatively superficial e-mail and instant messaging.

A study titled the HomeNet project, conducted by the Carnegie Mellon University in 1998, found that Internet use led to small but statistically significant increases in misery and loneliness and a decline in the overall psychological well-being of the participants. The project found that as people used the Internet more, they reported keeping up with fewer friends, spending less time talking with families, experiencing more daily stress, and feeling more lonely and depressed.

Ironically, these results occurred even though interpersonal communication was their most important reason for using the Internet. Neo-Luddites and others argue that the avenues for communication opened by the Internet merely serve to connect people to machines rather than to other people. Another concern is that technology and the Internet will increase inequality in society, as nearly 50 percent of Americans do not have personal computers in their homes.

Minorities, the poor, and less educated citizens are the least likely to have computers; this disparity has been termed the “digital divide. ” A study released in 2000 by the Department of Commerce titled “Falling Through the Net” found that people with college degrees are eight times more likely to have a personal computer (PC) at home than those with only an elementary education. A high income household in an urban area is twenty times more likely to have Internet access than a rural, low-income household.

Also, a child in a lowincome white family is three times more likely to have Internet access at home than a child in a comparable black family and four times more likely than a child in a Hispanic household. According to theEconomist, “Although Internet penetration has risen across all demographic groups, the digital divide remains only too real. It has also become a poignant proxy for almost every other kind of disadvantage and inequality in society. ”

Advances in computers and the growth of the Internet are among the incredible technological achievements of the twentieth century that have wrought significant changes pon society. While some consider such changes beneficial and embrace them, others, such as Neo-Luddites, perceive certain technological advances as threatening to personal relations and social dynamics. Technology and Society: Opposing Viewpoints examines several issues of contention in the following chapters: Has Technology Harmed Society? Are Technological Advances In Medicine Beneficial? How Has Technology Affected Privacy? How Will Technology Affect Society in the Future? Examination of these arguments will give readers a more thorough understanding of the impact of technological discoveries upon society.