In the modern education system, revolutionary changes in education technology have changed the overall outlook of schooling. Now teacher plays a different role. He is acting as resource person rather than a traditional classroom teacher with chalk and blackboard. New experiments and methods are being tried out to facilitate the pupils the best learning environment in the classroom. Group teaching method is one of them. The students are divided into groups of 6-8 students. Almost all type of students from high achievers to slow learners are taken in each group. Number of groups depends on the number of students in the class.
Easy classroom management: It is much easier to manage the bulky classroom if it is divided into groups. Each group has a leader and co-group leader and they may be instructed to mind their groups. Different activities can be assigned to the groups and the group leaders may act as coordinators. Thus the teacher may save a lot of time and energy in the classroom control and utilise it, to make creative task or activities for the students. Good inter-student relationship: Teacher is not the only source of learning, for the students. Learning is a continuous process and students learn a lot of things in their peer groups.
The group teaching method provides an opportunity to interact with the group and other students in the classroom and students learn without any outer pressure. It is a shift from make him learn to let him learn. Healthy and competitive learning environment: The group leaders and co-group leaders are not selected permanently. These posts are rotated among the group members. Each member of the group is given chance to become Group Leader for one month as per his/her overall performance in the classroom. Co-leaders are selected in rotation for one week. Even low performers are given chance to enact as co-leaders.
Thus, each member of the group tries his/her best to improve performance so that he/she may become group leader next month. The best group title is awarded every month and this helps to improve inter-group performance of the students. Collective efforts of a group to go ahead of another group, creates a healthy and competitive learning environment in the classroom. A-graders are awarded STARS. Other students work hard and try their best to perform well to get STAR badges. Learning by teaching among students: The group teaching method promotes self study and helps peers to learn.
The high achievers of the group teach the slow learners of their groups so that the group can compete with other groups in the classroom. This helps the high achievers to retain their learning and develops better understanding of concepts and on the other hand the slow learners get individual attention for better performance. Best for bulky classrooms: Group study method is best for huge classrooms where the teacher is unable to give individual attention to each and every student in the classroom. Especially in such a case where mental level of the students is not similar.
In Group Teaching Method, teacher acts as supervisor and facilitator. Paying attention to weak students as well as high achievers is much easier in group teaching method. Activity oriented teaching in groups: It is not possible to involve the whole class in any activity at once. In Group Teaching Method, small groups can be given different activities and individual participation in the activity can be assured. Each member of the group can be assigned a specific task to complete and thus the Group Teaching Method emphasises on Activity Oriented Teaching-Learning Process in the classroom.
Lesser use of blackboard: Blackboard should be used only if a particular concept is to be taught to the whole class. It is a good teaching tool and very helpful to explain concepts to the class but not so good for tiny tots who want individual attention and involvement in learning process where not only eyes and ears but their hands and hearts are to be involved in the process of learning. The group teaching encourages lesser use of blackboard and more activities in the classroom. Learning more than teaching: Learning is a continuous process.
Teacher is to facilitate such an environment where the process of learning can be pushed in the right direction. Teaching in group emphasises on learning more than teaching. Student Interact with each other and learn in their peer groups. Group formation in the class: This is an example to form groups for the class of 40 students at primary level. Five groups of eight students each will be form. The teacher should take three tests in the class room. 1. Language Efficiency Test to check speaking, reading and writing skills 2. Arithmetic Efficiency Test 3. Test on leadership and active participation in classroom activities.
Now as per their performance, students should be ranked from 1-40. First five should be made Group Leaders. The following arrangement of groups will have each type of students in each group. Each group will have high achievers, average and slow learners. The first will be group leader and second will be co-group leader. Now make pairs as first with eighth, second with seventh, third with sixth and forth with fifth. |A |B |C |D |E | |01 |02 |03 |04 |05 | |10 |09 |08 |07 |06 | |11 |12 |13 |14 |15 | |20 |19 |18 |17 |16 | |21 |22 |23 |24 |25 | |30 |29 |28 |27 |26 | |31 |32 |33 |34 |35 | |40 |39 |38 |37 |36 |