Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo Essay

As a criminal investigator, I choose to view the genocide that occurred in Bosnia -Herzegovina and Kosovo as plain ordinary murder, albeit murder on a massive scale and murder that has many different types of victims. In this paper I tried to outline some of the background of the country and its people attempting to show these events as a crime scene. Introduction The purpose of this paper was to inform of the genocides that took place in the Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo countries by portraying the events in the form as a criminal investigators report.

Method I researched the events by reading various articles and papers. I found that in order to properly understand the events as a whole an outline of the countries history and the somewhat complex makeup of the people that inhabit it. I then took those events and put them in the correct order and included the periods of the genocides as they occurred to each country. Then I put the causes and effects which was the tremendous amount of prejudice and hate that must be present for these types of acts to take place. Repeatedly. Then I covered what happened.

This included the reaction of the rest of the world. Subjects Genocide is actually mass-murder. The type of crime that you have when armed people kill the unarmed. All of the acts committed in these countries were criminal or outrageous. What would cause people to do these acts? The history of the people involved. Who these people are and their history. What happened to make them so capable? How little outside forces interfered initially. Brief description of the crime scenes themselves. The terrible acts are finally made public.

The US & NATO inadvertently help split the country into only two sides. The two sides sit down and both form a nation and agree to peace. Examines the apathy of the rest of the world. The prosecution of the main 75 people. The UN said everyone must be held accountable. Apparatus (or Research Instruments/Tools) Researched by locating articles and books online and then selecting cites from the publications selected. Procedures I initially had difficulty locating enough books to be very helpful using a local library. Of course articles were not cataloged so I ended up using the internet to locate both.

Once a book or publication was located that dealt with the subject material I was usually able to locate the contents using database searches or academic libraries. Results I was expecting books to be the hardest to locate and research. I learned that academic sources were much better for research quality material. Discussion The only real arguments that could be had would have to be the factors necessary to enable the behavior researched. Some people are convinced that the lines between war and oppression are small.

I agree to some degree however, a close examination shows that there is no such thing as plausible deniability. If you kill people in this manner it is murder. There is no excuse for killing unarmed people and for treating other humans so cruelly. Hate is certainly something we can all relate to but it is not an excuse for prejudice. I always say that prejudice is the inability to think for yourself. So many prejudiced people grew up listening to other people opinions. And, no matter who these people are there is no argument for simply adopting hatred for others simply because other do so.

Appendices QUOTES: 1. “In many ways, Bosnia and Herzegovina was in an impossible and untenable position as soon as the rest of Yugoslavia broke apart. All three ethnically based parties behaved as if they believed that they were locked in a struggle for survival. ” 2. ” In response to the atrocities committed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to assist post-war reconciliation, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was set up in The Hague to try perpetrators of war crimes, including genocide. “ 3. During a period of roughly 75 years, from 1878 to 1941, Bosnia-Herzegovina experienced five different regimes. In the course of this relatively short period, the republic’s quasi-feudal way of life was undermined and partially replaced by the two great forced shaping European societies: nineteenth century nationalism and twentieth-century modernization. “ 4. “On April 6, 1992, a crowd of demonstrators estimated at over 50,000 gathered in front of the Bosnian Parliament building in Sarajevo to demonstrate for peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The demonstrators were members of a ll three of Bosnia’s largest nationalities: Serbs, Croats and Bosnian Muslims. Directly across the street, from the upper floors of the ultra-modern Holiday Inn built for the 1984 Winter Olympics, heavily-armed Serbian militiamen fired randomly into the crowd killing and wounding dozens of the peace demonstrators. This cavalier killing spree quickly dispersed the crowd and marked the demise of the few remaining hopes that moderation and compromise might prevail in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ” 5. As early as 1530, when the Habsburg official Benedict Kuripeic traveled through Bosnia, he was able to report that the country was inhabited by three peoples, One was the Turks, who ruled “with great tyranny” over the Christians.

Another was “the old Bosnians, who are of the Roman Catholic faith. ” And the third were “Serbs, who call themselves Vlachs . . . They came from Smederovo and Belgrade. ” So important was the Vlach element in the creation of this Bosnian Orthodox population that, three centuries later, the term “Vlach” was still being used in Bosnia to mean “member of the Orthodox Church. 6. “matches armed men against armed men in a contest of will, machines and numbers, ethnic cleansing usually involves an armed perpetrator and an unarmed victim–more often than not, an armed man and an unarmed woman, child, or elderly person” 7. “Remarkably, however, there were several occasions in which Western reporters or officials, witnessed massacres or their immediate aftermath. Scarcely believable is the fact that a top US news photographer, Ron Haviv, witnessed and indeed photographed oments of the massacre of ordinary Bosnians at Bijeljina on 1April. “

8. “Some ethnic groups may be wealthier than other, but when they are forced to speak the language of others in everyday business, when they are under the eye of ethnically different police, when they cannot advance in the ranks of the state bureaucracy or the military, when land is redistributed to favor another group, then they occupy a lower level on the status hierarchy. ” 9. “ In both Rwanda and Kosovo, many of those who participated in the propagandainciting racism, were intellectuals. 2 It is characteristic of conflicts with a racist dimension that elites have the ability to manipulate racism because of other conditions in-country, such as: structural poverty, unmet human development needs, comparative deprivation of one group to another, media manipulation of misunderstandings among the general populace, and the absence of human rights, the rule of law and civil and political institutions encouraging citizen participation. ” 10. Population Dynamics: ” Bosnia has been described as a microcosm of the Balkans, a human mosaic made up of the genes of innumerable peoples (Malcolm, 1994).

Over the past three millennia it has been settled or invaded by Illyrians, Celts, Romans, Goths, Magyars, Avars, Slavs, Turks, and Jews. Geographically, Bosnia is part of a ‘shatter belt’, a frontier marchland subjected to the east versus west, north versus south, ebb and flow of political territorial expansion and contraction. The resulting accumulation of racial types might be ascribed to Bosnia’s physical geography of mountainous terrain and harsh environment offering refuge to one settling group after the other. “

References

Bennett, Christopher Michael. Bosnia and Herzegovina,” Encyclopeda of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity, 1 (2005): 125-129. Burg, Steven L. , and Paul Shoup. The War in Bosnia-Herzegovina Ethnic Conflict and International Intervention. Armonk, N. Y. : M. E. Sharpe, 1999. p. 34 Donia, Robert J. , and John V. A. Fine. Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. Longman, Timothy. “Kosovo,” Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. Vol. 2. Ed . Dinah L. Shelton. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2005. 925 – 933. Malcolm, Noel. Bosnia: A Short History. New York: New York University Press, 1994. Mertus, Julie.

Kosovo: How Myths and Truths Started a War. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. p. 7 Naimark M. Norman. Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 2001. p. 186 Slack, Andrew J. and Roy R. Doyon Population Dynamics and Susceptibility for Ethnic Conflict. The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 38, No. 2: Mar. , 2001. p. 3 Sudetic, Chuck. Blood and Vengeance: One Family’s Story of the War in Bosnia. New York: Norton, 1998. p. 11 Tone Bringa. Being Muslim the Bosnian Way. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995. p. 42

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