Force Field Analysis: Driving Forces Field Analysis: Driving Forces KURT LEWIN’S CHANGE THEORY By: Mandeep Chahal & Arvinder Khaira Mandeep Chahal Arvinder Khaira DRIVING FORCE Driving Forces are forces that push in a direction that causes change to occur. They cause a shift in the equilibrium towards change change. i. e. A married couple who has to get ready for a party, the husband is on the couch watching the football game. The wife encourages her Th husband to get ready because there is going to be free beer at the party. The husband starts to get ready in a hurry.
The driving forces are: The Th Th wife encouraging the husband & The incentive of free alcohol at the party. Force Field Analysis: Restraining Forces Field Analysis: Restraining Forces Restraining forces are forces that counter driving forces. They oppose change. Restraining forces cause a shift in the equilibrium which opposes change ilib i. e. In the case of the husband and wife getting ready for the party Present at the party is going ready for the party. Present at the party is going to be the husbands cousin whom he despises. The cousin and the husband have not got along or many years and if the husband was to go, there surely would be a fight. The husband also finds out that the beer is non finds out that the beer is non-alcoholic. RESTRAINING FORCES RESTRAINING FORCES Force Field Analysis: Equilibrium Field Analysis: Equilibrium Equilibrium is a state of being where is state of being where driving forces equal restraining forces and no change occurs no change occurs Equilibrium can be raised or lowered by changes that occur between the driving changes that occur between the driving and restraining forces Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory
Lewin Change Theory Consists of three distinct and vital stages: of three distinct and vital stages: “Unfreezing” “Moving to a new level or Changing” “Refreezing” “UNFREEZING” “Unfreezing” “MOVING TO A NEW LEVEL” LEVEL” Involves finding a method of finding method of making it possible for people to let go of an old pattern that was counterproductive in was counterproductive in some way “Moving to a new level” to new level Involves a process of change process of change in thoughts, feeling, behavior, or all three, that is in some way more liberating or more ay more liberating or more productive “REFREEZING” “Refreezing” Is establishing the change as a establishing the change as new habit, so that it now becomes the “standard operating procedure Without this stage of procedure. ” Without this stage of refreezing, it is easy to backslide into the old ways. th REFERENCES Schein, E. H. (1995). Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory in the Field and in the Classroom: Notes toward a model of managed learning. Working Paper 3821. Available from: (pdf) https://dspace. mit. edu/ bitstream/1721. 1 /2576/1/swp-3821-32871445. pdf.