Cycle 3 Theme Test PrepPersonal World:Give a brief example of a scenario for each of the 6 levels of Kohlberg’s Moral Development.I don’t want to get in trouble./ I don’t want to get in trouble so blame someone else.(broke vase blamed the inventor of the vase for not making them stronger.)I want a reward./ I’ll do my work for a stickers. To please someone./ I do my homework to please my teachers and mad mom.I will go on a walk if you feed me.I don’t make fun of peopleI won’t do certain things like I won’t bully peopleWhat are the differences between a house and a home? A home is a place with family and where you feel safe. Anywhere can be made a home. A house can be made a home.Describe 5 healthy habits that you practice for yourself on a daily basis. I don’t drink soda.I don’t eat junk food.I walk the dogs every day.I shower every day and brush my teeth every morning and every night.I eat vegetables and fruit every day. Choose a character from your novel. How do they make a home out of a new environment that they encounter?In lost in the barrens, jamie and awasin build a stone igloo first, then they build a cabin in the woods, and finally, they make a home in the eskimo houseWhich areas are the 2 ways a person should stay healthy? Give an example of how one might practice good habits in each. Fitness and diet. Work out instead of netflix, real food instead of junk food. How does the need for fitting in cause people to eat, behave or act differently in a social setting?People tend to eat unhealthy foods with friends, like pizza, Doritos, Mountain Dew (which doesn’t make sense because people SHOULD show off being healthy!) Social World:7) Choose a European superpower from the Age of Exploration, and describe the characteristics of their rise and fall of power. Spain:Spain got very wealthy at the beginning of the age of exploration and didn’t know how to manage it so eventually ended up owing other countries (because in catholicism you aren’t allowed to lend money) money and weren’t able to keep any of themselves. And lost parts of their navy leading to losing a war to the english. 8) Describe the conflict between England and Spain in the last two decades of the 1500’s. What decisive event took place that left England victor? The anglo-spanish war broke out in 1585 following the seizure of english merchant ships in spanish harbours. The end of the war resulted in a draw both sides got what they wanted for spain the treaty secured her position as a leading power in the world or england the treaty made sure the protestant reformation had been protected.Also knocked out most of the spain army. 9) How was Spain so successful at first, and then fell so quickly? They mismanaged their money very badly and had to borrow from other countries. 10) Why was the British East India Trading Company so successful? Describe how it became a superpower. They introduced mass exposure of exotic products.They had a global monopoly on exotic products.They were given permission to bring back money by any means necessary. 11) What was the Silk Road, and what impacts did it have on Europe and Asia (think culture, product exchange, etc)? An ancient network of trade routes connecting the east to the west.It played a significant role in the political and economic development of china, korea, japan, india, persia, europe, the horn of africa, arabia They traded information such as religion, philosophy, technology, as well as disease 12) Why did the Vikings explore so much, and what did they trade? They were looking for land to farmSlaves and furs were their most important trade items 13) List 3 reasons why people explored during the Age of Exploration. Which one do you think was the biggest reason? Use a concrete example to prove your point. land/food, wealth, religionThe spanish wanted to convert the natives to catholicism (to this day most of south america is catholic) 14) List 2 example colonies of each of these: Great Britain, Portugal, and Venice. Great britain. newfoundland north carolina.Portugal. Brazil, senegal. Venice. The dalmation coast, constampanople. Land that has been claimed. 15) Draw and label the Atlantic Slave Trade Triangle. 16) Describe in detail how you might get to China if you lived in Spain (I would take ____ carriage, until I got to…etc), travelling EAST. Be detailed in the countries and types of transport you would take. 17) Do you think space exploration is necessary for human survival? Why or why not? Base your opinion upon historical reasons of human exploration. 18) How have domesticated animals played a part in human migration, settlement, and disease immunity? Writing/Language Arts:19) What are the 3 most interesting things we should know about your explorer? He was born illiterate, He conquered 50,00 with only 200 men, He founded the capital of peru lima. 20) Other than your own explorer, name 3 other explorers and describe:Their major accomplishmentsTheir area of focusTheir important datesChristopher Columbus: He’s credited with discovering the Americas (Central America) in 1492. He was a famous sailor and navigator.Marco Polo: He was from Venice. He was a famous merchant, explorer and writer. Made an epic 24 year journey from Venice to Mongolia and China, in 1269.John Cabot: He was a famous navigator and explorer who “discovered” North America in 1497. 21) What drives explorers to risk their lives? Wealth, fame, claiming land for their king/queen, converting people to their religion. 22) How does the setting of your novel either help or hinder the exploration of thecharacters in your novel? Jamie and Awasin get “snow blindness” because the sun is reflecting off of the snowy landscape. It’s cold, so they have to make more clothing. They can’t travel very far due to blizzards. They can’t get food very easily because it’s extremely cold. The setting hinders the protagonists. 24) Think about the novel that you studied this cycle. Pick a character that you wouldconsider an explorer, and answer the following 5 questions to describe your character’s journey: Who: Awasin What: Human teenager, explorer of the Barrens, finding his way home. Where: The Barrens. In Northern Manitoba. Why: He and his friend Jamie got stranded in the Barrens when their canoe smashed into some rocks in the rapids of a river. How: They try to find their First Nation friends. After failing, they decide to make a camp, using stone, caribou hides, moss, then eventually wood. They end up killing about 50 caribou total to help them survive. Later, they make a break for home (unsuccessfully) but end up finding an igloo. Afterwards they finally travel home. Natural World:25) Track the movement of the smallpox virus (from its beginning in Europe to the First Nation epidemic). How was the virus spread between people? Why were the First Nation peoples so badly affected? (minimum 1 paragraph) The smallpox virus started off in Europe. It made its way to San Francisco via ships. From there it arrived on the coast of Vancouver Island by a steamer ship. It was an airborne virus, so as soon as it got to Vancouver Island, it spread like wildfire. The First Nation’s people didn’t have the immune systems that could fight off this virus, and so it killed a large percentage of their population. Also, the First Nations weren’t offered the vaccine from doctors. 26) What are the 6 characteristics of all living things? Have similar chemicals Example: water.Have cellular organization Example: eukaryotic(multi-cell) or prokaryotic(single cell).Respond and adapt to stimuli Example: reacting to pain, light, food, etc.Grow and develop Example: from baby to teen or from seed to bud.Reproduce Example: either asexually (like bacteria) or sexually (like animals)Obtain and use energy Example: Autotroph (getting energy/using it from the sun) Example: Heterotroph (getting energy from consuming foods) 27) How do sexual and asexual reproduction differ? 28) What is the difference between an and a heterotroph? ———————————–autotrophheterotrophProduces their own foodyesnoPlace in the food chainPrimarySecondary and tertiarytypesPhotoautotroph, ChemoautotrophPhotoheterotroph, ChemoheterotrophExamplesPlants, algae, and some bacteriaHerbivores, omnivores, and carnivoresDefinitionAn organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.Heterotrophs cannot produce organic compounds from inorganic sources and therefore rely on consuming other organisms in the food chain.What or How they eat?Produce their own food for energy.They eat other organisms to get proteins and energy. 29) Plant Cell: review your plant cell diagram and ensure that you have written the functions of each of the organelles. 30) How do the cells of an onion differ from the cells of moss? Moss cellOnionChloroplastNo chloroplastgreenwhiteCell wallsCell walls 31) Why do plant cells have cell walls while animal cells do not? What are plant cell walls made of? 32) What is the equation for plants to create cellulose? 33) Animal Cell: Review you animal cell diagram and ensure that you have written the functions of each of the organelles. For a video review, see the youtube video that Miss Alanna shared (on the google drive). 34) When we look at human cells (cheek cells, other cells with the body), do they all look the same? Why? 35) What do you call the equation for animals to create energy? Glucose + oxygen = carbon dioxide + water + energy 36) How are the use of probiotics and antibiotics intertwined? Antibiotics kill both the bad bacteria and the good they disrupt the balance of microorganisms in your gut taking probiotics can help. 37) What are the two methods by which antibiotics can help stop disease? They kill bacteria (stop from building cell walls) Or They stop bacteria from multiplying (stop from reproducing) 38) What is the difference between bacteria and a virus? Virus require living hosts. (need cell) Bacteria don’t even require a host. (are cells) Bacteria can multiply without a host Virus can’t 39) What is the difference between antibiotics and vaccines? Antibiotics kill bacteria or prevent them from multiplying. Vaccens block virus from entering cells. 40) Why is thoroughly cleaning your hands so important? It’s important to wash your hands because you can kill germs by using soap. You eat with your hands (touch your food), you write with your hands, use them in the bathroom, high five / shake hands with people, and touch touch all sorts of stuff (door handles, placemats, etc). 41) Why did the gummy bears grow when placed in water? (group project) They grew because they absorbed the water using osmosis. The “liquid” inside the gummy bear is more dense (more stuff dissolved in it – solutes). The water that the gummy bear was in didn’t contain solutes. So, the water entered the gummy bear so that there would be more water inside the gummy bear. 42) Why did the egg shrink when placed in corn-syrup? (group project) The egg shrank because the corn syrup sucked the water out of the egg, because corn syrup is more dense than water and the water flows towards the higher density. 43) What is the difference between osmosis and diffusion? Osmosis requires a semi-permeable membrane (has to pass through a membrane). Diffusion does not need a membrane; it just spreads out equally to fill a particular space. 44) How do cells use osmosis to help themselves and defend themselves? Get rid of waste. They are made bigger so tiny cells won’t try to fight them because they’re intimidated Cell walls are made of. celulose.Forget:~ Some answers will be 1 sentence in length, others will be longer.~ Use your notes from presentations and IW work to provide answers.~ Be detailed in your responses!