A1) i) group definintion
ii) characteristics of group behaviour
iii) function of formal group
iv) stage of group development with a diagram
A2) i) learning definition
ii) group affect the committee action
iii) explain and learning process
iv) theories of learning
A3) i) attitudes
iii) characteristic of good leadership
iv) nature vs nuture
v) 3 theories of motivation
A4) i) leader introduction
ii) leaders profile
iii)what makes them good leader
A1) i) A group can
be defined as two or more interecting and interdeendent individuals who come
together to achieve particular objective.A group behaiviour can be stated as a
course of action a group takes as a family. For example strike.There are two
types of groups. They are formal groups and informal groups. In other word we
can say that group is seen as a number of peole who are socially and
sychologically aware of each others.
Formal group : These are the type of work groups
created by the organization and have designed work assignments.The behaviour of
such groups is directed toward achieving organizational goals.These can be
further classified into two su-groups.
* Command group- It is a group consisting of individuals who
report directly to the manager.
* Interest group- It is a group formed by individuals
working together to achieve a specific objectives. Example, a group of workers
working on a project and reporting to the same manager is considered as a
command group. A group of friends cilling out together isconsidered as interest
Informal groups: These grous are formed with
friendships and common interests. These can be further classified into two
* Task group- Those working together to finish a job or task
is known as task group.
* Friendship group- Those brought together because of their
shared interests or common characteristics is known as friendship group.
iii) When ability to now influence the work a ember does and
the outcoe of a task,gives the member a sense of satisfaction,generally
resulting in an increase in otivation followed by an increase in
productivity.An example of this is that if an inforal grou gathers to discuss
and form ideas but the ideas formed by the grou are not shared by the
organisation, members might becoe unhay with the organisation,creating unrest.
Another factor is that the creation of personal relationship within informal
grous within an organiation. It is counterproductiveas it is time consuming
activity and rarely follows anything constructive towrds organisational goals
therefore decreasing performance.
* Well defined rules and regulation
*Massages are communicated through scalar chain.
iv) Group development mean the stages that work groups go
through as the evolve and grow.It involves a longer process to develop a group
of strangers to a unit and well cordinated group members. There are 5 stages of
* formiing: When the group is just formed and members are
formally placed together in a work group. At this stage groups members try to
know that where they stand in the group and how they stand in the group and how
they are being perceived by others in the grou.And any decision made in the
group are made by the more vocal members.The individual members who are trying
to understand who are in the group have concerns about how they will fit in the
group as a permanent group member.
* Storming: Due to the newness of the group there are
limited interactions initially among the members of the group. At this stage
disagreement tends to get expressed among the group members and feelings of
anxiety and resentment are also expressed.This storming stage is also known as
* Norming: This is the stage where the disagreements
differences and power issues which were dominant at the storming stage gets
workes out.The group set norms tries to attain some degree of
cohesiveness,understands the goals of the group,start making good
decisions.Morever group members also begin to express satisfaction and
confidence about being memebrs of the group.
* Performing: At the erforming stage the group has matured
fully.The group evaluates members performance so that the group members develop
and grow.Both erformance and members satisfaction are sustained indefinitely.
This stage is also refferred to as collaboration stage or final integraton
stage.This stage requires a long period of time.
* Adjourning: For permanent work groups, performing is the
last stage in their development.
A2) i) Learning is the process of acquiring new information
and memory is the retention or storage of that information.There are different
types of learning such as non-associative and associative learning and
different types of memory.
iii) Activity or process of gaining knowledge or skill by
studying,practicing,or exeriencing: the activity of someone who learns
:knowledge or skill gained from learning. There are some steps of the learning
First one is that the unconscious incompetence. Actually
where we dont know the degree of our incompetence.Example: You don know how
awkward it’s going to feel playing the guitar until you pick one up and trying
to strum a chord.
Second one is conscious incompetence.Like our minds are now
aware of the fact that we are at the begining of a long learning curve.And it
is the stage that brings up feelings of weakness and inadequacy,feelings that
our egos would like to avoid.
Third stage is conscious competence.If you have committed
yourself to consistent practice with devotion,patience, you manage
A3) i) Attitudes are predisposition or a tendency to respond
positively or negatively towards a certain idea, objects, person, or situation.
There are some major compenets. Like (1) Affective (2) Cognative (3)
There are some usage examples.
* The new administrative assisment has the right attitude
and work ethic to succeed in such a stressful and competitive environment.
* When i was younger and struggling in a sort, my dad would
always tell me that proer performance is a result of a proper attitude.
* The teenagers persistently negative attitude regularly
caused conflict with his teachers and he often found himself being sent to the
More ever there are some types of attitude in the workplace.
* Cognitive: This represents our thoughts beliefs and ideas
about something.Typically these come to light in generalities or stereotypes
such as ‘all teenagers are lazy,’ or ‘all babies are cute.’
* Affective: This compenet deals with feelings or emotions
that are brought to the surface about something such as fear or hate.Using our
above example,someone might have the attitude that tney hate teenagers because
they are lazy or that they love babies because tney are cute.
* Conative:This can also be called the behavioral compenent
and centers on individuals acting certain way towards something such as we
better keep those lazy teenagers out of the library.
Each one of thiese components is very different from the
other and they can build upon one another to form our attitudes and therefore
affect how we relate to the world. For example we can believe teenagers are
ii) I will do that the discuss all the things with every people and give new ideas about design
so they can start the work easily. so the president can understand all the
facts about the design .So my wiev is that to give ore ideas about design a nwe produc then the more people will
get attention on the product. so they van get more profit.
iii) Characteristics of good leadership
* Ability to delegate
* Sense of humor
* Possitive attitude
* Ability to inspire
We must keep in mind that there are many powerful and
successful leaders that have not exhibited all of these character traits and
that definintion of a good leader is quite. It can be determined however that
most good leadres to leverage most of these characteristics.
iv) Nature is the refers to all of the genes and hereditary
factors that influence who we are from our physical appearence to our
* Nurture is the refers to all the environmental variables
that impact who we are including our early childhood experience how we were
raised our social relationship and our surrounding culture.
Nature vs nurture.
The nature versus nurture debate is a about the relative influence of an
individuals innate attributes as opposed to the experiences from the
environment one is brought up in determining individual differences in physical
and behavioral traits.
v) Firstly we will know about the motivation. Motivation is
the driving force behind all peoples actions.Behavioral psychologists have
conducted researches investigating why people behave the way they
do.Entrepreneurs who understands the theories that were developed from this
research about what makes people tick learn how to motivate purchasers to buy
their products and use their services.
There are three major of theories of motivation.
* Theories of
scientific management: Motivation states that most workers are motivated that
the solely by the pay they receive for the work they do.His ideas were adopted
by Henry Ford and other industrialists who paid their factory workers according
to the number of items produced.
* Myo’s theory of human relation: Motivation examined the
social needs of the worker. He believed that pay alone needs of the worker
should be taken into consideration.
* Maslow and Herzberg’s theory of human needs: Believe that
the psychological forces drive human behavior. Their theory postulated a
graduated scale of human needs ranging from basic ones such as hunger and
thirst to higher level ones such as the need to be loved and need for
self-fulfillment.They believed emloyers would see better results from workers
if ther recognized the various needs of individual workers.
A4) PRESIDENT ABDULLA YAMEEN ABDUL GAYOOM ( Born 21 May
He is the incumbent president of the Republic of Maldives
since 17 November 2013. As the head of state and governmet he is also the
commander-in-chief of the Armed forces and the police.President yameen is a
founding signatory and former leader of the parliamentary group of the
Pprogressive Party od Maldives (PPM). With his assumption of office he
continues to serve on the governing council of PPM as the party’s first.
After comleting primary and secondary schooling in
majeedhiyya school in Male’ President Yaameen obtained a Bachelor’s Degree in
Business Administrration at the American University of Beirut,Lebanon. Later he
obtained a Graduate School in Los Angels California.
GOVERNMENT SERVICE RECORD
began his government service in jult 1978. Followind his undergraduated
studies in Beirut, Lebanon, he returned home in mid-1982 and served first as
secretary at the deartment of finance and then as research officer at the
research and international organizations division of the Maldives Monetary
Authority (MMA). On his return after completing his postgraduate
studies,resident Yameen began what would be a two decade long record of service
in the Ministry of Trade and industries.
In addition to his services as the Minister of Trade and
industries , President Yameen also served as the Minister of Higher Education ,
employment and social security.
President Yameen initially served as the member for the
South Miladhunmadulu (Noonu) Atoll
constituency and went on be elected for four successive terms. In his final
term he was elected as the member of the mulaku ( meemu) atoll constituency.
President Yameen was serving as the minority leader of the house when he was
elected as the president . In the people’s majilis president Yameen was renowed
for his intellectual contribution to majilis debates. He was also a strong
advocate for finding legislative solutions to economic issues. President Yameen
earned a reputation as as an esteemed on the corporate strategist for his
cogent arguments during budgetary debates. Through his years as a senior
parliamentarian he served as the chair of both standing committees on National
Security and Economics. And during the former president Maumoon’s tenure
president Yameen played an active role in formulating many of the legislation
related to trade and economy.
PROMOTING ISLAMIC HIGHER LEARNING.
The Islamic University (IUM) was the vision to introduce doctorate
level education and to be centre of excellence in Islamic learning. It was born
out of president Yameen’s ambition to move the institution of kulliyah
AL-Dhiraasaathil islaamiyah forward and to offer proper Islamic learning and
promote a deeper understanding of the Islamic faith.
FOCUS ON HEALTHCARE AND QUALITY OF LIFE
The last quarter of 2015 saw the establishment via the sate
trading organization (STO) of a pharmacy on every inhabited island in the
Maldives allowing all Maldivians equal access to medicine- this was are a long held vision of president Yameen finally come to life. President
Yameen has further pledge to improve healthcare facilities to include better
treatment of cancer patients and those who heart ailments.