Turbo Exhausts, established by two motor-racing drivers in 1994 is an endeavor bring forthing custom-made automotive extractors and exhaust systems. It is a underdeveloped endeavor and has good chances. With the societal development, it faces new market state of affairs. There are more and more different demands of the clients. In the procedure of fulfilling the demands of the clients, on the one manus, Turbo Exhausts expands its concern ; on the other manus, it begins to confront some operational jobs. This paper will foremost present the current production procedure of Turbo Exhausts, and so analyse the operational issues including issue caused by the contract with the Performance Shop and issue caused by bring forthing off-the-rack merchandises, and so there are some steps for the current state of affairs. As a development endeavor, Turbo Exhausts should non merely hold on the new chances to run into different demands of clients, but besides should hold a balanced production and operation direction. The directors should see the impact brought by new chances, and do the production program, form the operation procedure, beef up the control in the production and operation, seek to better the work efficiency and cut down the production cost in order to maximise the benefits.
Analysis of current concern
With the advancement of engineering and higher and higher demand of people for the merchandises, modern production and operation direction faces new environment. The merchandise life rhythm is shorted ; the market competition is more and more fierce ; what the endeavors cares most is that the demand of the clients is diversified. In footings of Turbo Exhausts, it foremost serves for motor racing industry, and all the merchandises are made-to-order. With the turning repute, more and more demand comes from private automobilists who want to better the public presentation of their street autos and there are besides more and more petitions for off the shelf merchandises. At the same clip, there are besides more and more other endeavors which tend to collaborate with Turbo Exhausts. Harmonizing to the account about the operation direction, one of the intents of the effectual production and operation direction is that the endeavor should follow the alterations and develop new merchandises or services to run into the new demand of the clients ( Kempf & A ; Keskinocak & A ; Uzsoy, 2010 ) . For Turbo Exhausts, in order to accommodate to the market and fulfill the demands of the clients, on the one manus, it begins to develop the expertness to bring forth exhaust systems for more popular and common makes and theoretical accounts, which expands its market and makes it become providers for both motor racing industry and the public presentation street auto subdivisions. On the other manus, it begins to bring forth off-the-rack merchandises, which leads Turbo Exhausts to bring forth a more standardized line of public presentation extractors and exhaust systems ; and the cooperation with new endeavor besides expands its concern. Harmonizing to the theory of production and operation of the endeavor, there are two chief parts of the production and operation direction, the first is the strategic determination of the production and operation system ; the second is the design direction of it. The 2nd besides includes merchandise development direction and mill installation and machinery system building direction ( Krajewski, 2009 ) . For Turbo Exhausts, its fabrication installation is located in Blacktown, and the installation has three service bays that facilitate the tuning and adjustment of usage systems. The tubing cutters and tubing benders are grouped severally. There are besides adept staffs in the endeavor.
In all, the production directors of Turbo Exhausts make some apparently right determinations in order to run into the demands and development of the market. The location of the endeavor, the high-tech used and the adept staffs all conforms to the demand of production and operation direction. It seems there is a sound production system in Turbo Exhausts, but unluckily, Turbo Exhausts faces unseeable operational jobs remained to be solved.
3.0 New jobs faced by Turbo Exhausts
3.1 Problems caused by the new contract with Performance Shop
With the enlargement of Turbo Exhausts ‘ concern, it begins to collaborate with other endeavors. The Performance Shop, a national auto parts distributer specialising in the supply of high public presentation automotive constituents for both motor rushing people and the general public makes a contract with Turbo Exhausts with the demand of an initial stocking of the high public presentation exhaust systems for the 5.0L Ford “ Boss 302 ” SVO and the 5.0L Chevrolet little block rushing engines and besides regular refilling of the stocks in line with gross revenues. It seems it is a good concern, but there is merely a low demand of the Performance Shop, and it costs an overtime production about several hebdomads. Though the gross revenues of public presentations systems through the Performance Shop steadily increased, after weighing the involvement, it is far less than the net incomes gained from the custom-made systems. In all, the directors do n’t plan a good public presentation measuring system about bring forthing the systems needed by the Performance Shop, so the results ca n’t run into the aim of high-efficiency of production and operation direction. On the one manus, since the production of the systems needed by the Performance Shop is non a pressing occupation and there is non a needed processing clip to complete the production, the staffs may bring forth the system with a low velocity ; the scheduled tonss of constituents for the Performance Shop systems are frequently left sitting around the mill in assorted phases of completion ; it will take a long clip to execute the undertaking. Thus overtime production is scheduled for the gross revenues of public presentation systems through the Performance Shop. On the other manus, compared with bring forthing the needful system of the Performance Shop, bring forthing the custom-made systems is an pressing occupation ; staffs will put clip and energy concentratedly, which makes making the undertaking expeditiously. The longer clip for bring forthing systems for the Performance Shop may cut down the clip for the custom-made systems, therefore addition lead times for both usage and The Performance Shop orders, which causes longer promised bringing times, and causes trouble to run into the demand created in the contract. Besides the clip, cost is besides raised for the systems of the Performance Shop ; money is being tied up in stock list, including money for natural stuffs and for the labour. On balance, the job caused by the contract with the Performance Shop is the consequence of the directors ‘ deficiency of right strategic determination of the production and operation which is an of import portion of the production and operation direction. The strategic determination of the production and operation chiefly aims to work out the jobs of what to be produced, how much to be produced and how to be produced harmonizing to the endeavor ‘s selling system ‘s analysis of the market demand and the development status of the endeavor ( Krajewski & A ; Ritzman & A ; Malhotra, 2012 ) . To be specific, the strategic determination is a steering political orientation for the endeavor to take the structural manner and operation mechanism of the operational system ( Malakooti, 2012 ) . In term of Turbo Exhausts, the directors do n’t do a good determination about the production of the custom-made systems and systems for the Performance Shop, and there is non a clear strategic orientation for its production and operation systems, which is disadvantageous for the Turbo Exhuasts.
Issues caused by bring forthing off-the-rack system
In footings of the systems for the Performance Shop, they are besides off-the-rack merchandises. On one manus, merely like the analysis of the above, more clip will be spent for the off-the-rack merchandises, and more infinite is needed to suit the turning stock list volume. Capacity is being pushed, and with the current layout, no infinite is left in the works for enlargement. What is the most of import, the move the bring forthing off-the-rack systems may impact the company ‘s fiscal construction. Since the off-the-rack merchandises may non be sold instantly, there should be some infinite to suit the merchandises. That is to state, there should be many stock lists, which include natural stuffs, semi-finished merchandises and finished merchandises. It has played an of import function in the production and operation direction of the endeavor. As an plus, stock list is the of import stuff foundation for the production and concern operation ; it takes up for more than half of the entire sum of the liquid assets of the endeavor. When there is big sum of stock lists, it means a big figure of merchandises are backlogged ; a big sum of working capital is used, and the endeavor will miss of liquidness ; at this clip, the endeavor faces serious fiscal hazard ( Nahmias, 2003 ) . Furthermore, the stock lists are frequently in the procedure of continuously selling and reproducing and have high liquidness, so stock lists play a most of import function in the paying short-run debt. The direction of stock lists does non merely have a great influence on the liquid assets, but besides have a large impact on the concern operation, and the success or falling of the concern operation has besides an direct impact on the fiscal construction of the endeavor ( Muller, 2011 ) . Inventory is besides a cardinal consideration in the accounting, and the analysis of stock list can assist to understand the turnover rate of the endeavor ‘s plus. In add-on, big sum of work force and stuffs are needed for the production of off-the-rack merchandises, which is besides a cost of the endeavor. In all, bring forthing off-the-rack merchandises may hold affected the Turbo Exhausts to a great grade from different facets.
4.0 Measures for work outing jobs
Faced such jobs, it is clip for the directors to take a careful expression at the overall impact and takes some steps.
First, the directors should take some steps to better the work efficiency of the staffs. The directors can beef up the enterprise civilization building of the Turbo Exhausts, better the executing of the employees, and concentrate on the psychological direction of the staffs. At the same clip, the Turbo Exhausts needs to set up sensible public presentation direction system and the wages and penalty system. The work flow should be continuously optimized in the work procedure and the occupation duties and rating criterions should be clear ( Lievano, 2010 ) . All the merchandises should be required to be finished in a fixed clip, and everyone performs their responsibilities. The concerted spirit of group should be strengthened in the endeavor. In add-on, the directors can better the work efficiency from the angle of self-reformation. To be specific, the director should hold good personal achievement, pull off the emotion decently and apportion the undertaking reasonably, which can do them be a epic leading and do the staff ‘s psychological science in best province. What is more, Turbo Exhausts can besides present advanced engineering and equipment, which can cut down the production clip and better the work efficiency.
Second, Turbo Exhausts can cut down the production cost decently to increase the benefits. In the market economic system status, the control of production cost is an of import portion in the cost direction. The ingestion degree of the natural stuffs, the labour efficiency of the labour and the use of the equipment can be reflected in the production cost. Theoretically, for an endeavor, it should set up a sound budget direction system, and so organize a strategic construct of cost direction. In this procedure, the directors foremost need to cognize the cost construction of the merchandises and do an analysis of the off-the-rack merchandises and the merchandises needed by the Performance Shop. Then they should command the existent status of the production activities. The labour cost, stuffs cost and the fabrication disbursal can be made appropriate accommodation. Turbo Exhausts can besides proper cheap warehouse to suit the turning stock list volume, which is besides a manner to cut down cost. The figure of stock list merchandises and the merchandises for gross revenues should be kept in proper proportion, which can besides command the cost to a certain grade. What is more of import, the Turbo Exhausts can cut down cost through direction invention. In all, the decrease of production cost can better the overall benefits, particularly the benefits from the off-the-rack merchandises and the merchandises for the Performance Shop.
Third, the Turbo Exhausts should pay attending to the stock list direction. No stock list, no net incomes. Inventory direction refers to pull offing and commanding assorted merchandises and other stuffs in the procedure of production and operation to do their storage maintain in a economic and sensible degree. From the above analysis, non merely the money is being tied up in the stock list, but besides much warehouse infinite is needed to suit the stock lists, which causes that no infinite is left in the works for enlargement. The turbo Exhausts should conform to the rule of “ 1.5 times ” , which is the chief content of the stock list direction ( Viale & A ; Carrigan, 1996 ) . At the same clip, the directors should stress the stock list turnover, which is besides an of import undertaking of the salesmen. The salesmen should replace the faulty merchandises seasonably harmonizing to the company ‘s ordinances and criterions. Inventory turnover can excite gross revenues straight and efficaciously and it has many touchable benefits for both the endeavors and the clients ( Waters, 2003 ) .
In all, the development of endeavor ca n’t go forth without the sound production and operation direction. Strategic determinations, forces direction, merchandise direction and installation direction and so on are all of import elements in the production and operation direction. As a turning concern, Turbo Exhausts has comparatively sound direction, but with the enlargement of the concern, there are besides some jobs which need to be addressed and checked reasonably and rapidly. In order to recognize the direction end and better the economic benefits of the endeavor, it needs to be after, form and command assorted activities in the procedure of production and operation. Bettering the work efficiency, cut downing merchandise cost and commanding the stock list can be three good steps to work out the issues faced by Turbo Exhausts, and through the steps, the concern of Turbo Exhausts will be scale new highs.