By 1545 the council of Trent had formalised the liturgy and set in train a standardised liturgy which persisted until Vatican II.
The modern revolution of the Post World War II era:
Church architecture had begun to show signs of change in the era of the early twentieth century. In fact the 20th century produced a freedom of thinking that resulted in a revolution not only in church architecture but in many forms of design, art and construction. The combination of architectural design and the influence of religious expression in church design came together in the middle of the twentieth century during this period of change.
What was important in this period was that the Church was not immune . Church architecture became part of the revolution, which has become synonymous with the 1960’s. During the 1960’s the church through Pope John XXIII began the second Vatican council 1962-1965, was a time when the church under John XXIII “Promulgated no dogmas, but instead initiated fundamental changes, including a reform of the liturgy”.
On one hand we have radical designs of church architecture with the two main protagonists of the twentieth century Gaudi and Le Corbusier as architects in the modern movement.
Whilst church architecture became part of the twentieth centuries fundamental change in styles that not only affected church architecture but also designs such as embassy’s, and convents and public buildings.
Whilst the church became part of the radical design if the 20th century which included such buildings as the Sydney Opera HouseHowever extreme changes were taking place within the church.
Along with the traditional churches and church design exteriors the exterior designs developed over time.and Yet the principle of the interior design had not changed because the fundamentals of religious worship and expression had been heavily regulated for 400-500 years
The church revolution, which was Vatican II ,produced changes in the early 1960’s, which altered significantly the Church’s approach to worship.This in turn created changes to the interior design of Churches.
The 1960’s saw the “young revolution”, anti war sentiment . It also saw the growth of cult followings of church architects such as Gaudi . This “discovery” was championed by the surrealists, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro. This unconventional architect’s influence in modern art and free form only came to its fore in the mid 20th Century .
This Swiss born architect had already created controversy in his designs by the time he created Notre Dame du Haute, Ronchamp, France 1950-1954.